Canadian Hemlock

Tsuga canadensis

Use

Screen Plant, Border Plant, Hedge Plant

Notes

Transplants well if root pruned, amenable to pruning; an excellent subject of moist , well drained , acid soils, rocky bluffs or sandy soils. Does not tolerate wind or drought, plant in sheltered locations

Extremely graceful glossy dark green needles all year

Light:
Unlike most conifers tolerates shade well; can also grow in full sun
Soil type:
Moist, well-drained, acid soils
Zone:
3, 4, 5, 6, 7
Maximum height:
40-70 ft, national champion in 165 ft by 38 ft in the great Smoky Mountains
Spread:
25-35 ft
Growth speed:
Medium (25-50 ft in 15-30 years)
Habit (shape):
Softly and gracefully pyramidal in youth with tapering trunk, becoming pendulously pyramidal with age; one of the most beautiful conifers
Flowers:
Monoecious; staminate light yellow, pistillate pale green
Fruit:
Cones slender, stalked ovoid, apex nearly blunt, 1/2 to 1 inches long. Brown at maturity; hang like small ornaments form the branches
Texture:
Fine
Insect susceptibility:
Spruce leaf miner
Disease susceptibility:
Leaf blight, blister rust, and needle rust